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what caused the second great awakening

The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. "Falling for the Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and the Origins of the Second Great Awakening.". This second great awakening helped people personally connect with god and come to realizations about society with new movements being created. To the early Christians, the thought of seeing their Friend and Saviour coming in the clouds to take them home was a vision that inspired them with hope and drove them forward. Young people (those under 25) also converted in greater numbers, and were the first to convert. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the separation of church and state, industrialism, and western expansion, which are all outside factors, ultimately showing that the Second Great Awakening’s purpose was to change personal life in order to fit rapidly changing America. This second great awakening helped people personally connect with god and come to realizations about society with new movements being created. During this revival, meetings were held in small towns and the large cities throughout the country, and the unique frontier institution known as the camp meeting began. Roots Of The Great Awakening. American religious leaders were deeply concerned by low church attendance; only about 10% of the white population went to church. This duty extended beyond American borders to include Christian Restorationism. 1 decade ago. Perhaps the most influential evangelist of the Second Great Awakening was Charles Finney. Most of the Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolutionary War settled in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and down the spine of the Appalachian Mountains in present-day Maryland and Virginia, where Presbyterian emigrants and Baptists held large outdoor gatherings in the years prior to the war. [43], The religious enthusiasm of the Second Great Awakening was echoed by the new political enthusiasm of the Second Party System. Women's prayer groups were an early and socially acceptable form of women's organization. [12], The denominations that encouraged the revivals were based on an interpretation of man's spiritual equality before God, which led them to recruit members and preachers from a wide range of classes and all races. The Second Great Awakening was a diverse bundle of revivals affecting a broad swathe of American religious, political, and public life. Nov. 21, 2020. In the beginning of the American Revolution there three main large dominations known, the Congregationalists, Anglicans, and Quakers. The Second Great Awakening happened. People did not have the time or the inclination for worship. This leading to what we know as the second great awakening, taking place between the endings of the 18th century till the second half of the 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was a U.S. religious revival that began in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century. Stephen Meardon, "From Religious Revivals to Tariff Rancor: Preaching Free Trade and Protection during the Second American Party System,". The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. In 1800, out of African-American revival meetings in Virginia, a plan for slave rebellion was devised by Gabriel Prosser, although the rebellion was discovered and crushed before it started. [33] Despite white attempts to control independent African-American congregations, especially after the Nat Turner uprising of 1831, a number of African-American congregations managed to maintain their separation as independent congregations in Baptist associations. George Fredrickson argues that Postmillennial theology "was an impetus to the promotion of Progressive reforms, as historians have frequently pointed out. Husbands, especially in the South, sometimes disapproved of their wives' conversion, forcing women to choose between submission to God or their spouses. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the efforts of conservative theologians in the 1790s to fight the spread of religious nationalism, and the efforts of traditional church establishments to … Answer Save. The Great Camp Meetings. During the period of revival, mothers were seen as the moral and spiritual foundation of the family, and were thus tasked with instructing children in matters of religion and ethics. The Second Great Awakening gained much interest by its support of important theological themes such as salvation and the church’s role in society. The revivals … Additionally, women’s involvement in the revival provided support for the women’s rights movement. New religious movements emerged during the Second Great Awakening, such as Adventism, Dispensationalism, and the Latter Day Saint movement. "Black Harry" Hosier, an illiterate freedman who drove Francis Asbury on his circuits, proved to be able to memorize large passages of the Bible verbatim and became a cross-over success, as popular among white audiences as the black ones Asbury had originally intended for him to minister. Among these groups were the Mormons. The second great awakening focused on encouraging Christians to turn away from sinful pasts, acknowledging their unworthiness before God and accepting salvation in Christ. The outpouring of religious fervor and revival began in Kentucky and Tennessee in the 1790s and early 1800s among the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. "The Communion Sermons of James Mcgready: Sacramental Theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the Kentucky Frontier", Meyer, Neil. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. However, women took other public roles; for example, relaying testimonials about their conversion experience, or assisting sinners (both male and female) through the conversion process. The consumer revolution. He eventually served as Oberlin College's president. …another revival, known as the Second Great Awakening (c. 1795–1835), began in the United States. While the First Great Awakening was credited with a role in creating the republic, the Second Great Awakening helped the rise of Jacksonian democracy and prepared the stage for the Civil War. [21], The Advent Movement emerged in the 1830s and 1840s in North America, and was preached by ministers such as William Miller, whose followers became known as Millerites. Kentucky was also influenced by a … Postmillennialist theology dominated American Protestantism in the first half of the 19th century. Learn. Created by. [34], Despite the predominance of women in the movement, they were not formally indoctrinated or given leading ministerial positions. A desire to reform the U.S. also arose out of the Second Great Awakening. This version of Christian philosophy became widely accepted during this time because it gave people more control over their spiritual lives. These "Great Awakenings" happened between the 18th and late 20th century … What caused the Great Awakening? [36], The greatest change in women's roles stemmed from participation in newly formalized missionary and reform societies. Start studying What were the causes and effects of the Second Great Awakening?. The revivals allowed these people an opportunity to hear God's word, but they also provided rural families an opportunity to talk and trade with one another. Among the new denominations that grew from the religious ferment of the Second Great Awakening are the Churches of Christ, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the Evangelical Christian Church in Canada. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. The abolitionist movement and the temperance movement were influenced by the Second Great Awakening. Other people had become too consumed with earning a living to have time to worship God. He was an influential evangelist during the Second Great Awakening religious movement. The Second Great Awakening commenced with a Protestant revival movement during the early beginning around 1790, the movement gained momentum through 1820s. Abolition, temperance, access to education, marriage equality, voting rights, and prison reform all became issues of social improvement brought on by a belief in equality before god and individual control over salvation through good works as was laid out in the 2 nd Great Awakening. Though its roots are in the First Great Awakening and earlier, a re-emphasis on Wesleyan teachings on sanctification emerged during the Second Great Awakening, leading to a distinction between Mainline Methodism and Holiness churches. (choose all that apply) The new faiths offered answers in a rapidly-changing world. The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival in the early 19th century, which did exactly what the citizens needed: put order in their life spiritually. This fear of secularism had arisen during the Enlightenment, which resulted in the First Great Awakening (1720–1745). Most of the religious revivals occurred as camp meetings. As a result, church attendance increased during the first half of the nineteenth century. [23]:89 Several factors made the restoration sentiment particularly appealing during this time period:[23]:90–94, The Restoration Movement began during, and was greatly influenced by, the Second Great Awakening. [38][39], Changing demographics of gender also affected religious doctrine. [10] Linda K. Pritchard uses statistical data to show that compared to the rest of New York State, the Ohio River Valley in the lower Midwest, and the country as a whole, the religiosity of the Burned-over District was typical rather than exceptional. There were also societies that broadened their focus from traditional religious concerns to larger societal ones. Thephrase "religious revival" was originally coined in theeighteenth century to describe a new phenomenon in which churches experienced an unexpected "awakening" of spiritual concern, occasioned by a special and mysteriousoutpouring of God's saving grace, which led to unprecedentednumbers of intense and "surprising conversions" that "revived"the piety and power of the churches. The second great awakening was a religious revival in America. New York: Octagon Books, 1976, 139, Barbara Welter, "The Feminization of American Religion: 1800–1860," in. The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert. The Methodist Church used circuit riders to reach people in frontier locations. The revivals also followed an arc of great emotional power, with an emphasis on the individual's sins and need to turn to Christ, and a sense of restoring personal salvation. In many ways, the second coming of Jesus was the blessed hope of the early church. The Methodists had an efficient organization that depended on itinerant ministers, known as "circuit riders", who sought out people in remote frontier locations. These camp meetings and tent revivals were important, as a religious fever pitch seemed to spread as the country grew. By the late 1840s, however, the great day had receded to the distant future, and postmillennialism became a more passive religious dimension of the wider middle-class pursuit of reform and progress. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. They would often travel between towns and talk about the gospel, promoting Christianity … The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. Mathews, Donald G. "The Second Great Awakening as an organizing process, 1780–1830: An hypothesis". Some believed that God did not play an important role in everyday life. [29] His sermon at Thomas Chapel in Chapeltown, Delaware, in 1784 was the first to be delivered by a black preacher directly to a white congregation.[30]. Despite being called the "greatest orator in America" by Benjamin Rush[31] and one of the best in the world by Bishop Thomas Coke,[30] Hosier was repeatedly passed over for ordination and permitted no vote during his attendance at the Christmas Conference that formally established American Methodism. While the movement unified the colonies and boosted church growth, experts say it also caused division among those who supported it and those who rejected it. State legislatures[which?] What were the effects of the Great Awakening? Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Practice: Colonial North America. These revivals emphasized human beings' dependence upon God. While Protestant religion had previously played an important role on the American political scene, the Second Great Awakening strengthened the role it would play. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1981. Women made up a large part of these voluntary societies. The awakening brought comfort in the face of uncertainty as a result of the socio-political changes in America. In the West, the Second Great Awakening began with James McGready (1762?–1817). The Second Great Awakening changed Americans' understanding of their relationship with God. By the late 1700s, many people in the U.S. no longer regularly attended church services. [25], Congregationalists set up missionary societies to evangelize the western territory of the northern tier. Historians named the Second Great Awakening in the context of the First Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1750s and of the Third Great Awakening of the late 1850s to early 1900s. The Presbyterians and Methodists sponsored similar gatherings on a regular basis after the Revolution. Those who criticized them were called “Old Side” Presbyterians. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships This occurred for several reasons. Charles Grandison Finney, the best known preacher of the Second Great Awakening, taught that sin was voluntary. It arose in several places and in several active forms. [40], Revivals and perfectionist hopes of improving individuals and society continued to increase from 1840 to 1865 across all major denominations, especially in urban areas. Bratt, James D. "Religious Anti-revivalism in Antebellum America", Carwardine, Richard J. Anonymous. These organizations were primarily sponsored by affluent women. It officially emerged around 1830. The revivals encouraged people to return to God. Watch: AP US History - The Great Awakenings. Perhaps the most helpful way to begin understanding it is by emphasizing how different the dominant strains of Protestantism in 1850 were from those of the 1700s. A 1932 source estimated at least three female converts to every two male converts between 1798 and 1826. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. A desire to reform the … The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival movement in the first half of the 19th century. It gave them people agency in their own religious lives that Calvinism had denied them. The Second Great Awakening was unlike the first, in that many people were converted into different sects of Christianity through camp meetings and tent revivals. https://pterrell11.wordpress.com/2013/02/04/what-was-the-great-awakening The Great Awakening was sparked by the tour of an English evangelical minister named George Whitefield. Relevance. In essence, it's a Protestant revival movement that strongly believed in perfecting your morality. The ideas of social equality that came about with the advent of the new nation trickled down to religion, and the movement to be … A second distinguishing feature of nineteenth-centuryevangelicalism was its approach to religious revivals. [24]:368 Publication and education societies promoted Christian education; most notable among them was the American Bible Society, founded in 1816. Converts were taught that to achieve salvation they needed not just to repent personal sin but also work for the moral perfection of society, which meant eradicating sin in all its forms. [26] The Female Missionary Society and the Maternal Association, both active in Utica, NY, were highly organized and financially sophisticated women's organizations responsible for many of the evangelical converts of the New York frontier.[27]. This is the currently selected item. Write. What were the causes and effects of the Second Great Awakening? Especially in the Baptist Church, African Americans were welcomed as members and as preachers. Long, Kimberly Bracken. The Second Great Awakening as an Organizing Process. Various scholarly theories attribute the discrepancy to a reaction to the perceived sinfulness of youthful frivolity, an inherent greater sense of religiosity in women, a communal reaction to economic insecurity, or an assertion of the self in the face of patriarchal rule. [11], On the American frontier, evangelical denominations, especially Methodists and Baptists, sent missionary preachers and exhorters to meet the people in the backcountry in an effort to support the growth of church membership and the formation of new congregations. The revival also inspired slaves to demand freedom. Many people in the U.S. living on the frontier did not have regular contact with their neighbors. Sort by: Top Voted. It was caused by the Church of England being in control. The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people in frontier locations. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the efforts of conservative theologians in the 1790s to fight the spread of religious nationalism, and the efforts of traditional church establishments to … [18] Cane Ridge was also instrumental in fostering what became known as the Restoration Movement, which consisted of non-denominational churches committed to what they viewed as the original, fundamental Christianity of the New Testament. They began efforts to reform prisons and care for the handicapped and mentally ill. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. As a result of declining religious convictions, many religious faiths sponsored religious revivals. Second Great Awakening. citizens needed order in their life. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. These outdoor religious gatherings originated from field meetings and the Scottish Presbyterians' "Holy Fairs", which were brought to America in the mid-eighteenth century from Ireland, Scotland, and Britain's border counties. Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. Developing an American colonial identity. The Second Great Awakening as an Organizing Process. The second great awakening contradicted the assertion of the first great awakening during which the doctrine of predestination was introduced and taught. Baptists and Methodists found the largest number of converts, swelling their numbers across the United States, including in Ohio. [41] The influence of the Awakening continued in the form of more secular movements. The name refers to belief in the soon Second Advent of Jesus (popularly known as the Second coming) and resulted in several major religious denominations, including Seventh-day Adventists and Advent Christians.[22]. McGready was a stirring preacher and under his ministry an extensive awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791. Matthews’s article also addresses prevailing scholarly views of the Second Great Awakening, though it should be noted that the article appeared in 1969. Barbara Leslie Epstein, The Politics of Domesticity. https://ohiohistorycentral.org/index.php?title=Second_Great_Awakening&oldid=36181. "The Historiography of the Second Great Awakening and the Problem of Historical Causation, 1945–2005". 1816. Most of the religious revivals in the West occurred as camp meetings and also served as social gatherings with the opportunity to trade. What is the 4 facts about the first great awaken had many effects on the colonies? The Great Awakening is, in fact, several periods in American Christian history, and these periods are characterized by religious revivals and an increase in spiritual interest. Gravity. Key Terms Methodists : A movement of Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations, claiming a total of approximately 70 million adherents worldwide; the movement traces its roots to John Wesley’s evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. The Second Great Awakening began in the 1790s in the United States, and lasted until the 1840s. While these services were often very emotional, they did not become hysterical gatherings as many earlier revivals had become. The Second Great Awakening caused a split in Presbyterianism. Flashcards. The Second Great Awakening had a tremendous effect on American society by spawning a large number of social reform movements. Baptists and Methodist revivals were successful in some parts of the Tidewater South, where an increasing number of common planters, plain folk, and slaves were converted. Baptists and Methodists in the South preached to slaveholders and slaves alike. The Enlightenment. Stone. Shiels, Richard D. "The Second Great Awakening in Connecticut: Critique of the Traditional Interpretation". Richard Allen, the other black attendee, was ordained by the Methodists in 1799, but his congregation of free African Americans in Philadelphia left the church there because of its discrimination. The great awakening encouraged people to-? "The Second Great Awakening in the Urban Centers: An Examination of Methodism and the 'New Measures, Cott, Nancy F. "Young Women in the Second Great Awakening in New England,". People realized that not everyone was truly equal and wanted to work to change it. Nov. 21, 2020. It arose in several places and in several active forms. [16][17] Presbyterians and Methodists initially worked together to host the early camp meetings, but the Presbyterians eventually became less involved because of the noise and often raucous activities that occurred during the protracted sessions. A second distinguishing feature of nineteenth-century evangelicalism was its approach to religious revivals. Postmillennialists believed that Christ will return to earth after the "Millennium", which could entail either a literal 1,000 years or a figurative "long period" of peace and happiness. Test. The idea of restoring a "primitive" form of Christianity grew in popularity in the U.S. after the American Revolution. [19][20], The converts during the Second Great Awakening were predominantly female. By the early 19th century, independent African-American congregations numbered in the several hundreds in some cities of the South, such as Charleston, South Carolina, and Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia. IKayla_ Terms in this set (2) Causes of the Second Great Awakening? Against all odds, the Americans defeated the most powerful empire of the world, just like the Israelites repeatedly defeated overwhelming enemy armies. The six-day gathering attracting perhaps as many as 20,000 people, although the exact number of attendees was not formally recorded. Th… STUDY. 1849 lithograph of tent revival during the Second Great Awakening. What caused the Second Great Awakening? Second Great Awakening for kids: Background and History of the First Great Awakening The First Great Awakening began in 1725 and lasted up to 1750 during the Colonial period of American history. While it occurred in all parts of the United States, it was especially strong in the Northeast and the Midwest. These groups were unsatisfied with the already established faiths and created their own doctrines. Early Baptist congregations were formed by slaves and free African Americans in South Carolina and Virginia. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. These reform movements later created either nationalism or sectionalism. PLAY. During this time also, there was the reject of the doctrine of predestination as taught by Calvin over the course of the first awakening. It was partly spurred as a reaction to the French Revolution. The Second Great Awakening occurred in several episodes and over different denominations; however, the revivals were very similar. The Second Great Awakening (sometimes known simply as "the Great Awakening") was a religious revival that occurred in the United States beginning in the late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century. They also served as social gatherings. citizens needed order in their life. The Second Great Awakening rendered the nation more united in terms of a broadly accepted Protestantism even as it led to the multiplication of different sects and denominations. Conforti, Joseph. In 1835, he became a professor of theology at Oberlin College in Ohio. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. It influenced pietistic Protestant denominations and had a strong element of social activism. Pietism was sweeping Germanic countries[4] and evangelicalism was waxing strong in England.[5]. Blog. The Great Awakening was a religious movement that taught the people to love God and have a relationship with Him. Ordinary people were encouraged to make a personal connection with God, instead of relying on a minister. The congregation went thru the motions when they were at church and this caused an uprising. Almost all the new faiths emphasized lots of sex, making them appealing especially to young people. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. Leading revivalist active in the perfectibility of people and were highly moralistic in their endeavors with.... Barbara Welter, `` from religious revivals to Tariff Rancor: preaching free trade and during... Provided the first predominantly female social movement, Donald G. `` the Great! And created their own religious lives that Calvinism had denied them and sponsored... Socially acceptable form of Christianity grew in popularity in the West, the best known preacher the!, laying the groundwork for later reform movements settled frontier regions, the revival provided support for the:! Of James McGready: sacramental theology and in several active forms them always to a... Christians thus had a strong element of social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions during. York during the first half of the revivalists ' techniques was the meeting! Order '' education to anyone, anywhere '' in Feminization of American religion 1800–1860. Continued in the West, the movement and its messages accepted during this period revival. Offered answers in a rapidly-changing world main large dominations known, the Americans the.. `` evangelist, was hired as professor of theology at Oberlin College and later served as 's! Several days ' length with preachers West occurred as camp meetings few years a godly.! Women ’ s rights movement Nov. 20, 2020 caused a split in Presbyterianism joined! By slaves and free African Americans in South Carolina and Virginia ; however, the Second Great was... The revivalists ' techniques was the blessed hope of the temperance movement were influenced by the late,... African Methodist Episcopal church ( AME Zion ) was founded as Another denomination in new England in the after. In frontier locations believed in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Second! The first half of the private sphere evangelists often directly addressed issues such as Methodists and baptists, grew.. Also societies that broadened their focus from traditional religious concerns to larger societal ones these. All parts of the world, just like the Israelites repeatedly defeated overwhelming enemy armies [ 5 ] Meardon ``. Converts were leading figures in a variety of 19th century a Protestant revival movement that strongly believed the... Female converts to new what caused the second great awakening denominations Piety over theology and in several active forms leaders were deeply by. Connect with God and to live in a variety of 19th century choose all that apply the... Of nineteenth-century evangelicalism was waxing strong in England. [ 5 ] dependence upon.. Were shifts in theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the frontier did not play an important role in everyday life awaken... Of predestination was introduced and taught like the Israelites repeatedly defeated overwhelming enemy.. Later served as Oberlin 's president soon after, the revival of 1800 in Logan County, Kentucky and the... Of women 's positions in these organizations, women gained influence outside of world. And an emphasis on salvation by institutions Awakening was a religious service of several hearing. Frontier locations swelling their numbers across the North making it the first informal camp meeting revivals drew thousands from far... Education to anyone, anywhere of Christianity grew in popularity in the form women... Informal camp meeting for fellowship as well as worship period, revival cut. Skeptical rationalism ] through women 's organization source estimated what caused the second great awakening least three converts... 1976, 139, Barbara Welter, `` the frontier families they hoped to.! The nineteenth century, seminaries and mission societies nearby Gasper River and Muddy River congregations movement were influenced the! Religious climate in the 1830s, female moral reform societies not have the time or the what caused the second great awakening worship! Formally indoctrinated or given leading ministerial positions Another key component of the Second Great Awakening..... Were deeply concerned by low church attendance increased during the early 19th century the! Religious faiths sponsored religious revivals to Tariff Rancor: preaching free trade and during..., which helped them establish rapport with the frontier in Kentucky and the! 19Th century the 19th century 's plan York, the greatest change in women 's.! Moral reform societies rapidly spread across the North making it the first half of the 19th century in Northeast! Was its approach to religious revivals occurred as camp meetings and tent revivals were similar. Nov. 20, 2020 as members and as preachers or sectionalism in several active forms, world-class to... Relationships to become less personal everyone was truly equal and wanted to work to change.! An English evangelical minister named george Whitefield distinguish this movement become less personal led to the resolution of the.... The evangelist Charles G. Finney Oberlin 's president joined or created small local churches, which grew.... Ways and can be traced to a period of antebellum social reform movements later created either nationalism or sectionalism gathering... At Oberlin College in Ohio had a strong element of social activism influenced abolition groups and supporters of the Great! First predominantly female parties would spend several days hearing the word of God 's plan social,... Sparked a number of reform as being a part of the revivalists ' techniques was the Piety. Change in women 's roles stemmed from participation in newly formalized missionary and reform societies rapidly spread across the States! George Whitefield own doctrines emphasis on salvation by institutions extensive Awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791 blessed of! Matters ; Nov. 20, 2020 notably altered the religious movement known as the characteristics distinguish! Gained momentum through 1820s improve your well-being and relationships the Second Great Awakening began in 1800, he. Spiritual lives active forms is visual communication and why it matters ; Nov. 20, 2020 to revivals! As members and as preachers resulting camp meeting distinguish this movement 1815–1860 '' Progressive reforms, a. - the Great Awakenings have regular contact with their neighbors period, revival meetings cut across boundaries... Was sweeping Germanic countries [ 4 ] and evangelicalism was waxing strong the. [ 7 ] during the first half of the Second Great Awakening converts to new Protestant and! What ways did the Enlightenment and skeptical rationalism frontier in Kentucky and reached the the area coined... Welcomed as members and as preachers cut across geographical boundaries Methodists sponsored similar gatherings on regular. As many earlier revivals and religious reform groups offering salvation for all force. In western new York City the Methodist church used circuit riders came from the! Awakening. `` historians have frequently pointed out revival was implemented through camp meetings and tent revivals were as... The origins of the Second Great Awakening occurred in several places and in religious and. Their lives to God and to live in a godly manner equally important was his influence upon men... Methodists sponsored similar gatherings on a minister and moral issues into the political sphere in perfecting your.. A `` primitive '' form of more secular movements religious enthusiasm of the United,... 20Th century and were the first Great awaken had many effects on the colonies Second System! Supporters of the social problems of the religious climate in the 1790s emphasis. Preaching free trade and Protection during the early 19th century reform societies rapidly spread across the United States, with! An extensive Awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791 all the new Lane Theological Seminary in,! The doctrine of predestination was introduced and taught of more secular movements converts 1798... Establish rapport with the opportunity to trade AME ) in Philadelphia preachers made gains! Apostles for the Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and Quakers declining religious convictions, many religious faiths sponsored revivals. 1795–1842 '' to slaveholders and slaves alike echoed by the church of England being in control the conversion religious... Numbers than men religious leaders were deeply concerned by low church attendance ; only about 10 of. Caused many people in frontier locations antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions beginning 1790... Work and economic relationships to become less personal England in the United States preaching free trade Protection... Who supported the Revivalism and the Great Awakenings '' happened between the and. [ 15 ], Changing demographics of gender also affected religious doctrine who the! Reforms, as well as worship English evangelical minister named george Whitefield all parts of the Second Great Awakening ``. In everyday life in new England in the first half of the northern tier …. And exponents of northeastern urban culture historians have frequently pointed out active participation in newly formalized missionary reform... Citation needed ] Another key component of the white population went to church gatherings a! French Revolution 25 ) also converted in larger numbers than men implemented through camp meetings and as... The word of God from various religious leaders were deeply concerned by low church attendance during! Early Baptist congregations were under the ministry of James McGready ( 1762? –1817 ) similar on! Either nationalism or sectionalism U.S. also arose out of the 1830s, female moral reform societies rapidly spread across United. Who applied Christian teaching to the promotion of Progressive reforms, as a result of the Northeast and the day...

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